INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECT: OSCAR NIEMEYER

 

“It is not the right angle that attracts me. Nor the straight line, tough, inflexible, created by man. What attracts me is the free, sensual curve. The curve I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuous course of its rivers, in the waves of the sea, in the clouds of the sky, in the body of the favorite woman. Of curves is made all the universe.”

The Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer counts as one of the great architects of the 20th century.  He became well known for his buildings in Brasilia where he  succeeded in devising forms for buildings destined to represent the state that remain equally poignant today.  His architecture combines sculptural monumentality with classic order.

Oscar Niemeyer was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on the 15th December 1907. Oscar Niemeyer graduated from the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro in 1934. In 1936 he joined the team of Brazilian architects collaborating with Le corbusier on a new Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro. This proved a formative experience for Niemeyer.

Niemeyer’s style shows a marriage between modern and baroque styles that many feel is uniquely Brazilian.

The high point for Niemeyer came in 1956, when he was granted the greatest commission of his life. The new Brazilian capital Brasília was built in three-and-a-half years in a landscape devoid of people, in the red dust of the Cerrado savannah region.

With his sculptural structures, he created something his huge country was lacking: an identity. Brazil would look different today without Niemeyer. He dreams of a more just world, a world in which rich and poor live side-by-side in the same apartment buildings

Oscar Niemeyer, the last surviving founder of architecture’s Modernist movement, is 103 years old. The grandfather of Brazilian architecture is a living legend, and plans to remain so for a while. Niemeyer still has many plans. “I do the same things I did when I was 60, so I’m only 60,” he says. “You have to keep your mind alive, work, help others, laugh, cry and experience life intensively. It only lasts for a brief moment.”

Works:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cathedral of Brasília

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Centro Niemeyer ,Avilés, Spain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Niterói Modern Art Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Church of Saint Francis, Brazil, 1943

 

 

 

INDIAN ARCHITECT: SHEILA SRI PRAKASH

Sheila Sri Prakash  (July 6, 1955, Bhopal) is an architect and planner of Indian origin. She founded Shilpa Architects in Chennai,  in 1979 and has the distinction of being among the first women in India to have started and operated her own firm.

She studied architecture at theAnna University School of Architecture and Planning and also attended the Harvard Graduate School of Design’s Executive Education Program. She is a strong proponent of sustainable design and planning and is known for her work in introducing vernacular techniques into contemporary designs. She was also a key charter member who was instrumental in establishing the Indian Green Building Council.

she is a true visionary in making an impact on the socio-economically underprivileged, through architecture and urban design. Her designs focus on environmental as well as socio-economic sustainability. She has also done a lot of inspiring commercial work.

She has to her credit two patents — one for designing a monolithic polyethylene chamber to ensure a hygienic and leak-proof alternative to drainage lines. The other patent is for designing a diversion chamber used to switch the sewage from the toilet to an alternative dispersion pit for use in low cost rural sanitation.

Her influence as an architect and designer who combined design thinking to address social issues, heightens the significance of multi-faceted socio-economic priorities when designing in the developing world

works:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mahindra World City

Mahindra World City is the first Special Economic Zone in Tamil Nadu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Madras Art Museum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Larsen & Toubro

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